专升本英语高分的法宝,升本的你都搞定了吗?

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专升本英语高分的法宝,升本的你都搞定了吗?

Some psychologists(心理学家)maintain that mental acts such as thinking are not performed in the brain alone, but that one’s muscles also participate. It may be said that we think with our muscles in somewhat the same way that we listen to music with our bodies.

You surely are not surprised to be told that you usually listen to music not only with your ears but with your whole body.Few people can listen to music that is more or less familiar without moving their body or more specifically,some part of their body.Often when one listens to a symphonic concert on the radio, he is attracted to direct the orchestra(乐队)even though he knows there is a good conductor on the job.

Strange as this behavior may be,there is a very good reason for it.One cannot derive all possible enjoyment from music unless he participates,so to speak,in its performance.The listener”feels” himself into the music with more or less noticeable motions of his body.

The muscles of the body actually participate in the mental process of thinking in the same way,but this participation is less obvious because it is less noticeable.

71. Some psychologists maintain that thinking is_______.

A. not a mental process

B. more of a physical process than a mental action

C. a process that involves our entire bodies

D.a process that involves the muscles as well as the brain

72. The process of thinking and that of listening to music are similar in that_______ .

A. both are mental acts

B. muscles participate in both processes

C. both processes are performed by the entire body

D. we derive equal enjoyment from them

73. Few people are able to listen to familiar music without_______.

A. moving some part of their body

B. stopping what they are doing to listen

C. directing the orchestra playing it

D. wishing that they could conduct music properly

74. The listener’ s way of”feeling” the music is _______.

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A. the unnoticed motion of his muscles

B.”participating” in the performance

C. bending an ear to the music

D. being the conductor of the orchestra

75. According to the selection muscle participation in the process of thinking is_______ .

A. deliberate

B. apparent

C. indistinct

D. impressive

参考答案与解析:

71.【答案】D

【精析】信息明示题。答案在文章首句:“一些心理学家坚持声称,思考这样的脑力活动不仅仅由大脑执行,肌肉也会参与。”所以选择D项:“一个影响到我们肌肉和大脑的过程”。

72.【答案】B

【精析】推理判断题。答案在最后一段首句:“身体的肌肉参与脑力活动的原理与这(欣赏音乐的)过程一样。”因此选择B项:“肌肉参与了这两个过程”。

73.【答案】A

【精析】信息明示题。答案在第二段第二句:“很少人能够在听他们熟悉的音乐时一点都不摇动他们的身体的一部分。”这与A项“晃动他们身体的某一部分”意思相同;B项“停止他们手头的工作去听”,G项“指挥乐团演奏”和D项“希望他们能够很好地指挥音乐”都是文中没有提到的,不能人选。.

74.【答案】B

【精析】摧理判断题。答案在第三段第二、三

句:“一个人如果不全身心参与到音乐中去,便不能享受到其中所有的乐趣。听者‘感受’音乐的方式表现为他或多或少的身体动作。”因此B项“参与演出”正确。

75.【答案】C

【精析】信息明示题。答案在全文末段:“身体的肌肉参与脑力活动的道理与这(欣赏音乐的)过程一样,但这种参与由于表现不引人注意而不那么明显。” deliberate;adj.深思熟虑的,盘算周到的;apparent; adj.明显的;indistinct; adj.不清楚的,朦胧的;impressive ;可令人难忘的,令人感动的。这其中显然indistinct最符合“不引人注意,不明显”的意思,所以选C项。

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