2012广东省成人高考专升本英语语法考点总汇

2012广东省成人高考专升本英语语法考点总汇

stop doing/to do

stop to do 停止,中断做某事后去做另一件事。

stop doing 停止做某事。

They stop to smoke a cigarette.  他们停下来,抽了根烟。

I must stop smoking……我必须戒烟了。

典型例题

She reached the top of the hill and stopped ___ on a big rock by the side of the path.法律硕士考试

A. to have rested

B. resting

C. to rest

D. rest

答案:C.由题意可知,她到了山顶,停下来在一个路边的大石头上休息。因此,应选择“stop to do sth. 停下来去做另一件事”。而不仅仅是爬山动作的终止,所以stop doing sth.不正确。

forget doing/to do

forget to do 忘记要去做某事。(未做)

forget doing 忘记做过某事。 (已做)

The light in the office is stil on. He forgot to turn it off.

办公室的灯还在亮着,它忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)

He forgot turning the light off.

他忘记他已经关了灯了。 ( 已做过关灯的动作)

Don‘t forget to come tomorrow.

别忘了明天来。(to come动作未做)

典型例题

—- The light in the office is still on.

—- Oh,I forgot___.

A. turning it off

B. turn it off

C. to turn it off

D. having turned it off

答案:C.由the light is still on 可知灯亮着,即关灯的动作没有发生,因此用forget to do sth.

而forget doing sth表示灯已经关上了,而自己忘记了这一事实。此处不符合题意。

remember doing/to do

remember to do 记得去做某事 (未做)

remember doing 记得做过某事 (已做)

Remember to go to the post office after school.

记着放学后去趟邮局。

Don‘t you remember seeing the man before?

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你不记得以前见过那个人吗?

regret doing/to do

regret to do  对要做的事遗憾。(未做)

regret doing  对做过的事遗憾、后悔。(已做)

I regret to have to do this, but I have no choice.

我很遗憾必须这样去做,我实在没有办法。

I don’t regret telling her what I thought.

我不为告诉她我的想法而后悔。

典型例题

——You were brave enough to raise objections at the meeting.

——Well, now I regret ___ that.

A. to do

B. to be doing

C. to have done

D. having done

答案:D.regret having done sth. 对已发生的事感到遗憾。regret to do sth. 对将要做的事感到遗憾。本题为对已说的话感到后悔,因此选D.

cease doing/to do

cease to do  长时间,甚至永远停做某事。

cease doing  短时停止做某事,以后还会接着做。

That department has ceased to exist forever.

那个部门已不复存在。

The girls ceased chatting for a moment when their teacher passed by.

姑娘们在老师走过时,停了会聊天。

try doing/to do

try to do努力,企图做某事。

try doing  试验,试着做某事。

You must try to be more careful.

你可要多加小心。

I tried gardening but didn‘t succeed.

我试着种果木花卉,但未成功。

go on doing/to do

go on to do 做了一件事后,接着做另一件事。

go on doing  继续做原来做的事。

After he had finished his maths,he went on to do his physics.

做完数学后,他接着去做物理。

Go on doing the other exercise after you have finished this one.

作完这个练习后,接着做其他的练习

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